An addiction is a brain disorder that causes a person to seek out drugs and/or alcohol in a compulsive manner, even if a person knows the substance is harming him or her. Over time, addiction causes chemical changes in the brain that affect a person’s ability to control his or her behavior, think clearly and use good judgment.
Those who suffer from drug or alcohol dependence may need drug treatment to get sober.
We can help you have a good start – call Drug Treatment Summit at (908) 363-7340.
Rehab or rehabilitation is a form of drug treatment that helps addicts recover from drug addiction. This treatment form is often offered on an inpatient basis. At drug treatment centers, rehabilitation is often individualized. For example, a person who is addicted to prescription drugs may have a drug tapering plan created for him or her to reduce withdrawal symptoms in drug treatment. Others, such as those addicted to alcohol or opiates, may take prescription medications to minimize withdrawal symptoms. In addition to these services, therapy is often an important part of treatment.
A person can experience an addiction as quickly as using a substance after a few times. When a person takes a chemical substance, the substance has psychoactive effects. This means it increases the amount of chemicals in the brain, such as dopamine, a neurotransmitter associated with releasing euphoric or feel-good chemicals.
There are several risk factors associated with dependence. These can explain why some people become addicted and others do not. Examples of risk factors include genetic history, economic situation, social support, coping skills, ability to resist social pressure or cultural norms.
Addiction treatment therapy utilizes different models that have been proven to help a person beat drug and alcohol addictions. Different models exist, and may be employed depending upon a person’s unique needs. These include:
Addiction affects a person on many levels, both physical and mental. A person becomes physically addicted due to changes in the brain that cause a person to start to crave drugs and/or alcohol. A person will also experience withdrawals when not abusing the substance.
While some signs and symptoms can vary based on the drug abused, some general symptoms associated with drug and alcohol abuse include:
Inpatient therapy involves staying at a treatment center to receive more intensive therapy and medications, if necessary to reduce withdrawals.
Outpatient therapy is another option offered. However, this option is not as intensive and therefore as effective as inpatient treatment. Outpatient treatment is better-suited for people who do not have “complicated” addictions, such as those to multiple substances, chronic health conditions and mental illness.